There are many believers that immigration reform allows illegal immigrants and undocumented workers to gain citizenship to easily, become part of the legal workforce to easily, and in too large of numbers. Jeff Sessions of USA Today argues that while cheap labor is good, it goes against loyalty to already American citizens. He sees this as a social issue that is too lenient in favoring immigrants over citizens that have been in this country (and unemployed for years). Sessions mentions that the rise in unskilled immigrant workers being able to work legally in the United States, with so many of them in a short amount of time, is costly to our economy and working America. When a company is not attracting workers they raise wages; so with so many immigrants coming in to work low wage jobs, unemployment will still rise, wages will drop, this will soon effect taxpayers in the long run, and immigrants will take jobs that were previously made for already unemployed Americans, most without high school diplomas, to start filling up.
Loyalty to American citizens is an important aspect that Congress needs to keep in mind with immigration reform.
But reforms for immigrants do not have that many negative effects like Sessions describes. Immigrants actually, if anything, have positive effects on lesser skilled Americans and wages. Immigrants often do not compete with American workers but instead complement them. They too are spending money to help stimulate the economy, create business demand, and even are becoming entrepreneurs who hire American citizens creating even more jobs for them. By legalizing workers, they are able to make more money, meaning they pay more taxes and have more money to stimulate into the economy. Providing legal status for that many immigrants to work exponentially raises how many jobs will be created, the rise of wages, and the rise of the overall GDP.
(chart found on http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/07/01/immigration-and-entrepreneurship/?_r=0)
Sessions, J. Sessions: Immigration plan bad for U.S. workers. USA Today. (2013). Retrieved http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2013/09/04/jeff-session-immigration-reform/2759519/
Our overall argument for this blog is Immigration Reform and how to achieve legal immigration in the best way possible for our country. Border control is a hot topic that comes along with immigration reform. When is there too much border control or is that even a problem? The answer is no, there is never too much security at our borders. Along the border their are small towns in Texas that are expressing their concerns with the increasing border control and they are speaking out about it.
In the small town of Laredo, Texas, the increase of helicopters and security checkpoints are causing citizens fears to even go into those towns which is creating a loss in business and those neighborhoods to be poor and create crime. Juanita Valdex-Cox, executive director of the immigrant-rights organization LUPE in the Rio Grande Valley says, “We have seen billions of dollars spent on security. And then you think about the real issues as far as healthcare…and a good education” (Margolis, 2013). Those real issues, health care and education, are all direct effects of the crime, drug smuggling and illegal immigration that is happening. Without the increase border security and the push for earned citizenship these problems are only going to get worse and lead to even more issues.
So, for the citizens living down in the Texas border towns who worry about the increase security they should feel safe. Towns like Laredo is where the problem begins and then filtrates to the rest of the country. If border security can stop where the illegal immigrants are entering and smuggling drugs and people then immigration reform can take place. Those towns can then start their road to becoming more developed and independent. They are economically fragile because of their environment and people’s fear to be there. Immigration reform starts with increased border control.
Margolis, J., Texas Border Residents Argue Against More Security. PRI. (2013) Retrieved from http://pri.org/stories/2013-03-18/texas-border-residents-argue-against-more-security
In the article “Dream Act on the way?”, Herb Boyd highlights both republican and democratic representatives viewpoints on the Dream Act. As expected, Republicans were not in favor of the Dream Act while Democrats were in favor. Texas Republican representative Lamar Smith, explained his frustration with the Dream Act by stating “When you legalize those who are in the country illegally, it costs taxpayers millions of dollars, costs American workers thousands of jobs and encourages more illegal immigration”(Boyd, 2013). He took his faulty opinion even further stating that by passing the Dream Act “the problem is not resolved but compounded” (Boyd, 2013). This demonstrates a biased opinion that is only interested in benefiting a single part of the country.
Fortunately, the article followed these ridiculous comments by Lamar Smith with Representative Charles Rangel’s opinion on the passing of the Dream Act. Rangel explained this by clearly showing his frustration with Smith’s comments, stating “I hope 2013 will be the year that congress will finally pass legislation that will provide opportunities for millions of immigrants to pursue the American Dream”(Boyd, 2013). He then went on to show the citizens of Americans support for the Dream Act by asserting, “The majority of American people support it; Democrats want it; and Republicans need it”(Boyd, 2013). This explains the many benefits for the Dream Act other then the fact that it is the right thing to do, if we are going to idea ourselves as the country of a fresh start and opportunity we should back it up and make this change for the betterment of our country as a whole. Rangel further proved his care for the American country by stating “There’s no time for partisan games; the American people want and deserve a real and lasting solution. I urge my colleagues in the House to reach across the aisle toward serious and sensible immigration reform”. (Boyd, 2013) The demonstrated Rangel’s main goal to improve out country, and not make a change that would make both parties comfortable but ultimately hurting our country, those who live in it, and those who dream to pursue and education in it.
Without passing the dream act we are hurting many Americans. By passing this act we can offer support to Dreamers who need a little help to make our country a better place. The Dream Act will help give Dreamer’s support that Americans have such as federal student aid programs. In Charles Dervarics article “Dream Act Gets New Push in U.S. Senate” Marielena Hincapie (Executive Director of the National Immigration Law Center) explains “Our fundamental governmental assistance programs — student aid, health care and nutrition assistance — should help all Americans, whether citizens or aspiring citizens” (Dervarics, 2013) Hincapie’s statement shows that by supporting the Dreamer’s we can create a culture of equality and allow everyone to succeed regardless of the family you are born into, as it should be.
Boyd, H., (2013, January 31). Dream Act on the way? New York Amsterdam News Retrieved from http://content.epnet.com.proxy-um.researchport.umd.edu/pdf29_30/pdf/2013/ANE/31Jan13/85360531.pdf?T=P&P=AN&K=85360531&EbscoContent=dGJyMNLr40SeprM4zOX0OLCmr0uep7BSrqi4S7GWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPPj34r34ux8ufCxUbOmuZKxr7NI&D=f5h
Dervarics, C., (2013, August 29). Dream Act Gets New Push in U.S. Senate. Retrieved from: http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?sid=fa0454bd-5ef9-42cb-9444-9014dabaf237%40sessionmgr198&vid=1&hid=123&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=tfh&AN=90060888
Immigration reform has always been an important issue with President Obama and after watching his speech it shows how he is dedicated to change, yet is he going about it the right way? Obama’s main points on his immigration reform is to grant illegal immigrants earned citizenship so they can be right with the law. The fact is that these illegal immigrations are creating an unbalance in taxes, unemployment rates and effecting the standard of living in the United States. Republicans feel strongly that with Obama’s new immigration reform our economy will suffer and their are many examples to show it.
The new immigration plan is said to add “four times more guest workers then the rejected 2007 immigration proposal and, based on Congressional Budget Office data, adds 46 million mostly lower-skill legal immigrants and their relatives tot he country by 2033 (Sessions, 2013)”. This dramatic increase results will fallen wages, increases in unemployment, and the United States national wealth per-person will decline. As you can see, Obama’s immigration plan is not good for the future of America.
The problem with increasing the amount of people into the country is that they are now working and taking jobs from the citizens. Employers are not required to pay the undocumented immigrants as much as a U.S citizen therefore, they opt out for the cheaper option. Sessions brings up the hospitality business and how they are for the increase in immigrants and how they thank the Senate for allowing this increase. Half of their business is made up of immigrants. WIth unemployment rates so low, do they really need undocumented immigrants to fill those spots? He says, “in a free-market society, wages for workers are set by supply and demand” therefore would it be that hard to raise wages for the welfare of our own citizens? Research from Harvard’s George Barjas showed that, “high levels of low-skill immigration from 1980 – 2000 resulted in a 7.4% wage drop for U.S workers (Sessions, 2013)”. Therefore if we don’t crack down and deport the illegal immigrants who have been taking advantage of our citizens our standard of living will take a turn for the worst.
It is not that the United States does not want immigrants, we just don’t want the ones that do not give back. Immigrants that legally come into the country and wait to receive citizenship is what we want. The immigrants who hop the border and create a family illegally and do not pay taxes is not for the good of the country. Immigrants did build and continue this country and we would not be here without them but we want the immigrants who are driven, educated and have the good interest of the American people. We are missing out on the doctors and the mathematicians who can better this country in the end.
Sessions, J., (2013, September 4). Immigration Plan Bad for U.S Workers. USA Today. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2013/09/04/jeff-session-immigration-reform/2759519/